METHODS OF RESTRAINT IN ADDITION TO THE FRONT SEAT BELTS
These are made up of:
- seat belt inertia reel pretensioners;
- central seat belt pretensioners;
- chest-level load limiters;
- airbags driver and passenger front.
These systems are designed to act independently or together when the vehicle is subjected to a frontal impact.
Depending on the severity of the impact, the system can trigger:
- seat belt locking;
- the seat belt inertia reel pretensioner (which engages to correct seat belt slack);
- lap seat belt pretensioners to hold the occupant in their seat;
- the front airbag.
The pretensioners hold the seat belt against the body, holding the occupant more securely against the seat, thus increasing the seat belt’s efficiency.
In the event of a severe frontal impact and if the ignition is switched on, the system may engage the following depending on the force of the impact:
- the seat belt inertia reel pretensioner 1 which instantly retracts the seat belt;
- the lap seat belt inertia reel pretensioner 2 on the front seats.
- Have the entire restraint system checked following an accident.
- No operation whatsoever is permitted on any part of the system (pretensioners, airbags, computers, wiring) and the system components must not be reused on any other vehicle, even if identical.
- Only qualified personnel from our Network may work on the airbags; otherwise the system may trigger accidentally and cause injury.
- The electric trigger system may only be tested by a specially trained technician using special equipment.
- When the vehicle is scrapped, contact an approved dealer for disposal of the pretensioner and airbags gas generators.
Above a certain severity of impact, this mechanism is used to limit the force of the belt against the body so that it is at an acceptable level.
driver and passenger front Airbags
Fitted to the driver and passenger sides.
A symbol on the lower section of the windscreen indicates if this equipment is present (depending on the vehicle).
Each airbag system consists of:
- an airbag and gas generator fitted on the steering wheel for the driver and in the dashboard for the passenger;
- an electronic unit for monitoring the system controlling the gas generator electrical trigger;
- remote sensors;
- control warning lights, displayed on the roof console 3:
- lit up, passenger airbag activated;
- ¹ lit up, passenger airbag disabled.
The airbag system uses pyrotechnic principles. This explains why, when the airbag inflates, it will generate heat, produce smoke (this does not mean that a fire is about to start) and make a banging noise. In a situation where an airbag is required, it will inflate immediately and this may cause some minor, superficial grazing to the skin or other problems.
This system is only operational when the ignition is switched on.
In a severe frontal impact, the airbags inflate rapidly, cushioning the impact of the driver's head and chest against the steering wheel and of the front passenger against the dashboard. The air bags then deflate immediately so that the passengers are not in any way hindered from leaving the vehicle.
å This warning light comes on when the engine is started and then goes out after approximately 65 seconds.
If it does not come on when the ignition is switched on or if it stays on, there is a fault in the system.
Contact your approved Dealer as soon as possible.
Your protection will be reduced until this fault is rectified.
The following conditions will trigger the pretensioners or airbags.
In a frontal impact against a rigid (non-deformable) surface at an impact speed equal to or greater than 16 mph (25 km/h).
In a frontal impact with another vehicle of an equivalent or higher category, with an impact area equal to or greater than 40%, where the speed of both vehicles is equal to or greater than 25 mph (40 km/h).
In a side impact with another vehicle of an equivalent or higher category, at an impact speed equal to or greater than 31 mph (50 km/h).
In the following examples, the pretensioners or the airbags could operate:
- impact under vehicle such as pavement;
- drop or hard landing;
In the following examples, the pretensioners or airbags might not operate:
- rear impact, however severe;
- the vehicle overturning;
- side impact to the front or rear of the vehicle;
- frontal impact, under the tail of a lorry;
- frontal impact against an obstacle with a sharp angle;
All of the warnings below are given so that the airbag is not obstructed in any way when it is inflated and also to prevent the risk of serious injuries caused by items which may be dislodged when it inflates.
Warnings concerning the driver’s airbag
- Do not modify the steering wheel or the steering wheel boss.
- Do not cover the steering wheel boss under any circumstances.
- Do not attach any objects (badge, logo, clock, telephone holder, etc.) to the steering wheel boss.
- The steering wheel must not be removed (except by qualified personnel from our Network).
- Do not sit too close to the steering wheel when driving: sit with your arms slightly bent (see “Adjusting your driving position” SEAT BELTS). This will allow sufficient space for the airbag to deploy correctly and be fully effective.
Warnings concerning the passenger airbag
- Fitting seat covers is prohibited in the front seats as this could affect the operation of the airbag passenger.
- Do not attach or glue any objects (badge, logo, clock, telephone holder, etc.) to the dashboard on or near the airbag.
- Do not place anything between the dashboard and the passenger (pet, umbrella, walking stick, parcels, etc.).
- The passenger must not put his or her feet on the dashboard or seat as there is a risk that serious injuries may occur. In general, parts of the body should be kept away from the dashboard (knees, hands, head, etc.).